In this video we learn the difference between regular and irregular verbs, and learn 40 common irregular verbs with examples.
Hello and welcome back to My360English, you're not going to find a video more exciting than this one anywhere on the internet because today we're talking about irregular verbs, let's do it!
Let's talk about a few things before we get straight into irregular verbs, all main verb types have past tense forms, and these let us talk about things which have happened in the past, and these past tense forms are the past simple, which would take a verb like work and change it into worked, and the past participle which has lots of different uses, but one of the most obvious is its use with the perfect tense, which would be I have worked in this example. Regular verbs have past tense forms which end in -ed, and you'll notice that the past simple and the past participle are exactly the same, so we have I worked and I have worked or I've worked. I stayed or I've stayed, or I cried and I've cried. A lot of commonly used verbs don't have -ed on the end of their past tense forms, and we call these irregular verbs, we can't treat them like irregular verbs, they don't follow any particular patterns we have to treat them and learn them individually, one-by-one. Now irregular verbs might both their past simple and past participle the same, like brought, I brought a pen here today, or I've brought a pen here today, or they might be different like with, to eat, I ate, and I've eaten, or they might not change from the infinitive at all like, to put, I put a chicken in the oven every Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock, that's the present simple because it's something I do regularly, I put a chicken in the oven two hours ago, is the past simple, and I've put a chicken in the oven, it's all the same, put put put! And this is exactly why we call them irregular verbs because they don't follow the rules. So I've made a list of 40 irregular verbs that I think you should know, the important ones to get you started. First of all we'll have the verb, like to eat, then we'll have the past simple, ate, and then the past participle, eaten, then I've given you two examples, for example, I ate all the birthday cake, I've eaten too much (I have eaten too much). So try to focus on these examples, rather than just learning from the list, try and absorb their meaning and justget to grips with how they sound until it just seems unnatural to say I EATED an apple, because that's not correct it's I ate an apple, alright let's get going!
Let's start with the verb to be, this is the only irregular verb which is super irregular and has two different versions of the past simple, if we want to use I, he, she or it, we use was, or if we want to use you, we and they we use were, so we have I was excited, he was excited, she was excited, it was excited, you were excited, we were excited or they were excited, and the past participle is been, he's been good.
Ok with the verb to go its past simple is went, I went to Paris a few years ago, however we have two different options for the past participle, one being gone and the other being been. Gone indicates a movement away from a place, and been indicates a movement towards and then away from a place. For example, she's gone away, means that she is no longer there, she's gone away from a particular place, while she's been to America means that she has spent time in America, but isn't there anymore, she's been to America but she's then moved away, she's somewhere else.
Put is one of those funny ones that doesn't change.
One last thing I wanted to mention before I let you continue living your lives.
You might see words like burnt learnt and dreamt, as well as burned learned and dreamed, some verbs have alternative pst tense forms, and it's just that, the one with the T on the end, for example, burnt, is more common in British English and the on e with -ed on the end is more common in American English, so an American might say, I burned my finger, I burned my finger, but a British person might say, I burnt my finger, with a T on the end, so that's why in case you were wondering, you can't do this with every verb, there are just a few that do this. If you've enjoyed this lesson, give me a like, leave a little comment if you want to and make sure you subscribe, and you can also head over to the Facebook page if you want to keep up to date with everything that's going on, thanks for watching, see you next time, cheers!